A second season of TV Anime Shouwa Genroku Rakugo Shinjuu is under production by Sudio Deen and is scheduled for release in January 2017 called Shouwa Genroku Rakugo Shinjuu: Sukeroku Anew Arc. Read more at the official webpage: rakugo-shinju-anime.jp/.
The TV anime is based on a manga with the same name by Haruko Kumota which was published between 2010 to 2016. It finnished with 9 volumes. The story revolves around Yakumo Yurakutei VIII and old rakugo performer, his friend and his apprentices.
You can watch the TV anime Shouwa Genroku Rakugo Shinjuu for free at Crunchyroll: http://www.crunchyroll.com/showa-genroku-rakugo-shinju.